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of sabbatical and reflection, Amakuni and his son went about developing a superior weapon.  The next summer when the Emperor returned from another battle, none of the swords were broken and the Emperor passed and said to Amakuni, "you are an expert sword maker , none of the swords you made failed in battle".  What Amakuni is said to have developed is a style of sword that was hard enough to hold an edge but flexible enough not to break or shatter, the paradoxical combination needed for a good blade.  The Japanese did this by creating a sword from two different types of metal.  The core was made of steel with a high carbon content. This makes the steel very hard but very brittle.  Folding it over itself over and over again to create steel with up to 30,000 laminations strengthened this hard core. Around this hard core, softer and more flexible steel was wrapped. The two steel were welded together and the edge was tempered (tempering created the Hamon on the blade).  The end result was a blade with exceptional edge holding and cutting ability. And with the flexibility to withstand continuous contact with other weapons or armour on the battlefield. This is how the unique nature and shape of the Japanese blade is believed to have been created

History of the Samurai

Snap Shot History of the Samurai
The samurai sword made from the heat and pounding of the skilled artisans. These weapons of single destruction bring homage and honour to the warrior that carries them. The samurai sword is priceless as it is one and the same with the warrior class that has defined the ultimate Masters of Feudal Japan

Japan has a history that dates back thousands of years. Scientists believe the Japanese people descended from many groups that migrated to the islands from other parts of Asia, including China and Korea. As early as 4500 B.C., the Japanese islands were inhabited by fishermen, hunters and farmers. The early culture was known as "Jomon," which meant, "cord pattern." That's because the people made pottery decorated with rope-like designs. Scientists believe a caucasian race called the "Ainu" were the first inhabitants of what is now Japan. The Ainu still exist today, mostly in the northernmost islands of Japan called "Hokkaido." The next major Japanese cultural changed occured about 200 B.C. The people were known as "Yayoi." The Yayoi were mostly farmers. Scientists believe the present-day Japanese closely resemble the Yayoi in appearance and language.

War played a central part in the history of Japan. Warring clans controlled much of the country. A chief headed each clan, made up

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